Professor Gail Kinman, PhD

  • Visiting Professor of Occupational Health Psychology
  • Institute of Education
  • Learning, Education & Development Research Centre
Professor Gail Kinman, PhD


I am a Chartered Psychologist and a Fellow of the British Psychological Society. I am also a Fellow of the Academy of Social Science and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. I am Director of the Research Centre for Applied Psychology at the University of Bedfordshire.

My research interests are in the area occupational health psychology. I have a long-standing interest in the psychosocial working conditions of those who do emotionally demanding and knowledge intensive work and how this affects their wellbeing, work-life balance and job performance. Another key interest is the ways in which working conditions influence sickness behaviours such as presenteeism. I have conducted research in these areas with various occupational groups, with a particular focus on 'helping' professionals such as health and social care professionals, prison officers and fire and rescue personnel and knowledge intensive workers such as academics.

I am currently working with health and social care professionals to investigate the organisation and individual factors that underpin emotional resilience in trainee and experienced staff. With Dr. Louise Grant from Applied Social Studies at the University of Bedfordshire, I am developing a competency framework to help senior managers build resilience and protect the wellbeing of social care staff. We are also working on other projects to develop individual and organisational resilience using evidence-based interventions. Work is also underway to investigate mental health problems among healthcare workers and the implications for their wellbeing and job performance.

The impact of new technology on the management of boundaries between work and personal life is another key interest; in collaboration with colleagues working in other institutions such as Birkbeck, University of London, I am working on various projects to help individuals and organisations develop ‘e-resilience’ to manage technology in a healthy and sustainable way.  Other recent research has investigated the causes, consequences and experience of specific emotional experiences at work, such as crying, compassion fatigue, and the ways in which couples who do similar work manage the work-home interface.

My research has been published widely in peer-reviewed journals, reports and practice-focused publications. I regularly present at national and international conferences and my research has been extensively featured in the media. I co-chair the British Psychological Society (BPS) Working Group for Work-life Balance that communicates evidence-based research and practice to organisations, employees and other academics. I am also a member of the Editorial Board of The Psychologist (the monthly publication of the British Psychological Society) and on the Executive Committee of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology.

Qualifications and memberships


  • PhD Awarded 2006 University of Hertfordshire. “Occupational stress and work-life balance in UK academics”. 

Service to the Academic/Professional Community

  • Director of the Research Centre for Applied Psychology, University of Bedfordshire
  • Executive Committee member of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology
  • Associate Editor for interviews for The Psychologist and member of the BPS Policy and Practice Committee;
  • Co-founder and co-chair of the BPS Working Group on Work-Life Balance;
  • Member of BPS Specialist Knowledge Group in the field of Occupational Health Psychology;
  • Associate Editor for the International Journal of Stress Management
  • Commissioning Editor for the British Medical Bulletin
  • Book editor for the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology journal
  • Invited member of the international award committee for the Kanter Award for Excellence in Work-Family Research (2009 to date).
  • Expert assessor for the British Medical Association Foundation for Medical Research Awards
  • Reviewer for several international research councils and high impact journals

Academic and research interests

Research Interests

  • The implications of working in emotionally demanding jobs, such as health and social care and safety-critical work
  • Work-related wellbeing in further and higher education in the UK
  • Multi-level approaches to building resilience
  • Reducing attrition in student and recently qualified nurses
  • Emotional experiences at work: e.g. emotional labour, interpersonal conflict and crying
  • Empathy and compassion
  • Work-life conflict, facilitation and enrichment and the implications of flexible working
  • The use of technology, work-related stress and work-life balance
  • Presenteeism
  • Stress and health
  • Cancer survivors’ experiences of work
  • Lay understandings of health and disease

Recent Research Projects

  • Enhancing resilience in health and social care employees
  • Mental health in UK doctors
  • Emotional literacy, empathy and compassion in 'helping' professionals
  • Work-related wellbeing and work-life balance in academic employees
  • Work and wellbeing in prison officers
  • Identifying the factors underpinning retention and psychological distress in health and social care trainees
  • Work-life balance and recovery strategies in the police and fire service
  • The role of perfectionism in recovery from work
  • Experiences of the work-home interface for couples doing similar work
  • Emotional demands and wellbeing in teachers
  • Women crying at work


Examples of recent journal articles

  • Kinman, G. (2019 in press) Effort-reward imbalance and health in academic employees: Examining different reward systems. International Journal of Stress Management. Special Edition Edited by G. Kinman and S. Johnson.
  • Raiden, A., Raisanen, C. & Kinman, G. (2019 in press) Behavioural ambidexterity: Effects on individual well-being and high-performance work in academia, Journal of Further and Higher Education
  • Kinman, G. & Grant, L. (2019 accepted). ‘It’s my secret space’. The benefits of mindfulness for social workers. British Journal of Social Work
  • Kinman, G., Clements, A. & Hart, J. (2019). When are you coming back? Presenteeism in UK prison officers. The Prison Journal.
  • Kinman, G. (2019). Sickness presenteeism at work. British Medical Bulletin, 129, 1, 69-78
  • Kinman G & Wray, K. (2018) Presenteeism in academic employees – occupational and individual factors. Occupational Medicine. 68, 1, 46-50

Books and book chapters

  • Kinman, G. & Wray, S. (forthcoming, 2020). Work and wellbeing in academic employees: an evidence-based approach. Palgrave
  • Kinman, G. & Wray, S. (forthcoming, 2019) Wellbeing in academic employees in the UK – a benchmarking approach. In R. J. Burke & S. Pignata (Eds.) Handbook of Research on Stress and Well-being in the Public Sector, Elgar
  • Clements, A. & Kinman, G. (forthcoming, 2019) Stress and Wellbeing in Prison Officers In. R. J. Burke & S. Pignata (Eds.) Handbook of Research on Stress and Well-being in the Public Sector, Elgar
  • Kinman, G. & McDowall, A. (forthcoming, 2019) Flexible shifts: is gender important in work-life balance? In J. Hassard & L. Torres (Eds.) Aligning Perspectives in Gender Mainstreaming: Gender, Health, Safety and Wellbeing, Springer

Recent Conference Presentations

  • Kinman, G. & Grant, L. (2019). Mental health and flourishing in UK social workers: the role of self-compassion and detachment. Proceedings of the BPS Occupational Psychology Conference, Chester, 171 - 172
  • Kinman, G. & Wray, S. (2019). Presenteeism in academic employees: risks and protective factors. Proceedings of the BPS Occupational Psychology Conference, Chester, 173 - 175
  • McDowall, A. & Kinman, G. (2019) Managing our e-resilience: a peer coaching approach. Workshop sponsored by the Division of Occupational Psychology, Proceedings of the BPS Occupational Psychology Conference, Chester, 224 - 224
  • Kinman, G. & Grant, L. (2018). Can mindfulness enhance emotional resilience in social workers? European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference, Lisbon
  • Kinman, G. & Grant, L. Compassion, recovery and work-life outcomes in social workers. In BPS funded symposium: Work-life balance – new perspectives on an enduring problem convened by G. Kinman and A. McDowall. European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference, Lisbon
  • Kinman, G., Clements, A. & Hart, J. (2018). Job demands, violence and mental health in UK prisons. In BPS funded symposium convened by G. Kinman & R. Gervais. Focusing on mental health at work: a broader perspective. European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference, Lisbon
  • Kinman, G. & Leggetter, S. (2018). Supporting staff to provide compassionate care. The Wounded Healer: International Practitioner Health Summit 2018, London, October
  • Kinman, G. email, work-life balance and wellbeing in UK academics, Staff Wellbeing in Higher Education: Precepts, Practices & Potentialities in Challenging Times, July 2018
  • Kinman, G. & Hardacre, S. (2018). Emotional demands, emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction in healthcare assistant: the role of dispositional mindfulness. Institute of Work Psychology International Conference 2018, Sheffield
  • Wray, S. & Kinman, G. (2018). Too involved? The effects of job involvement and emotional labour on the wellbeing of teachers. Emotional Labour: Challenging the Traditional Perspective Institute of Work Psychology International Conference 2018, Sheffield
  • Wray, S. & Kinman, G. (2018). Understanding the stressor-strain relationship in academic staff. BPS Annual Conference, Nottingham 

Published research reports and briefings

Other recent articles

  • Kinman, G. & Teoh, K. (2018). Can doctors really have a work-life balance? The Work-Life Balance Bulletin, 2,2, 27-29
  • Kinman, G. & Teoh, K. (2018) What could make a difference to the mental health of UK doctors? A review of the research evidence. OP Matters, 40,
  • Kinman, G. & Gervais, R. (2018). Focusing on mental health at work: A broader perspective. OP Matters, 40
  • Kinman, G. (2018) Work-family conflict: Differences across generations and life cycles. The Work-Life Balance Bulletin, 2, 1, 21-23
  • Kinman, G. Gervais, R. & Pahl, N. (2018). The Division of Occupational Psychology and the Society for Occupational Medicine – working together to help organisations improve mental health. OP Matters, 37, 25-29

Further recent publications