We have seven active research groups in the Centre for Research in Health and Society, the work of these groups is outlined below.
Health Equity Research Group
The aim of the Health Equity Research Group is to create a collaborative partnership that facilitates research into health equity in Cumbria. We understand ‘health equity’ to mean ‘The absence of disparities in health (and in its key social determinants) that are systematically associated with social advantage/disadvantage’ (Braveman and Gruskin, 2003).
Our hope is that together we can (i) identify and prioritise areas for inquiry; (ii) design research projects to examine priority issues (including applying for funding to undertake projects); (iii) identify and engage residents and stakeholders into these projects; and (iv) co-produce actionable findings to tackle the wider determinants of health and to increase health equity in Cumbria.
The group is open to all in Cumbria, including academics, activists, practitioners, researchers, students, commissioners, managers, and anyone with an interest in health equity.
For more information, please contact Elaine Bidmead (NIHR ARC NENC research fellow) at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Healthy Ageing Research Team
The healthy ageing research team (HART) is a multidisciplinary research group that is open to anyone to join. We are interested in researching how to promote longer and higher quality lives for all older adults.
Our current research is focussing on perceptions of ageing in the north of England and evidence of how the wider determinants of health impact on older adults.
To join please contact Professor Kaz Stuart at email@example.com
Rehabilitation and Healthy Lives Research Group
The Rehabilitation and Healthy Lives group is a newly formed group within the University of Cumbria. It is open to all staff who have an interest in rehabilitation and healthy living and hopes to attract staff from a variety of areas. We are open to all suggestions on what direction and format this group might take, and we aim to act a stimulus for the generation of research areas and for improving links with the wider community. We plan to hold meetings and presentations on topics of interest on an alternating basis. Our first presentation was by Tasneem Choudri, Office for Health and Improvement Disparities, North West England regarding: Improving the health and well-being of older adults post-covid: Deconditioning and falls prevention with a specific focus on Cumbria and Lancashire.
Some of our outputs include:
- Morris K (2021) “Chapter 13: Occupational Engagement in Forensic Settings: Exploring the Occupational Experiences of Men Living within a Forensic Mental Health Unit”. In Twinley R (ed) Illuminating The Dark Side of Occupation: International Perspectives from Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science (pp 122-129). Routledge. ISBN 9780367218140, 9780429266256
- Morris K & Wolfendale V (2021) “Putting together a research proposal and the practical application in Occupational Therapy practice: case study of the Post COVID-19 Functional Assessment tool”. Invited Speaker. RCOT Specialist Section Learning Disabilities Annual Conference, 15th September 2021.
- Morris K (2020) “Writing a research proposal workshop” Invited speaker. Mental Health Occupational Therapy Interventions & Outcomes Research Network (MOTION) and Vona du Toit Model of Creative Ability (VdTMCA) Foundation joint research day. 4th November 2020. International event.
- Armstrong R (2019). The relationship between the functional movement screen, star excursion balance test and the Beighton score in dancers. The Physician and Sports Medicine, 48 (1): 53-62. doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2019.1624658
- Speariett S, Armstrong R(2019) The relationship between the golf-specific movement screen and golf performance. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 29 (4): 425-435. doi:10.1123/jsr.2018-0441
- Armstrong, R. (2021) Effect of kinesiology tape on tri-axial accelerometry during the Dance Aerobic Fitness Test, Journal of Dance Medicine & Science, 25(3), pp.191-199. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-021-00361-3
- Armstrong, R., Relph, N. (2021) Screening Tools as a Predictor of Injury in Gymnastics: Systematic Literature Review. Sports Med - Open 7, 73. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-021-00361-3
Trauma and Abuse Research Group
The aim of the multidisciplinary Trauma and Abuse group is to provide an opportunity to share research and practice experience related to all forms of trauma and abuse. This includes (but is not limited to) the following areas:
- Domestic and family violence
- Sexual violence and victimisation
- Adverse childhood experiences
- Child sexual exploitation
- Impact of trauma on mental health and wellbeing
- Coercive control and psychological/emotional abuse
- Elder abuse
This groups welcomes students, academic, practitioners and service providers as well as experts by experience from a range of social science and health disciplines. We see the strength in multidisciplinary collaboration to tackle issues of trauma and abuse across subject areas.
Below are some of our recent publications – this includes a number of student research volunteers (see **). Our research student volunteer scheme started within the Psychology team but has now expanded beyond into IoH and gives students an opportunity to gain additional research skills development experience to strengthen their employability and psychological literacy.
Bates, E.A. & Taylor, J.C. (Eds.). (2019). Intimate partner violence: New perspectives in research and practice. Oxon: Taylor & Francis, Routledge
Boyle, Angie (2017) Resistance strategies and agency in adults who have experienced childhood domestic abuse. In: Integrating research and practice to combat violence and interpersonal aggression, 8-9 June 2017, Coventry University, UK
Burrell, John W. and Laskey, Philippa (2017) Attitudes towards sexual offenders returning to live in the community. Journal of Applied Psychology and Social Science, 3 (2). pp. 52-69.
Day, Harley**, Fowles, Georgia**, McElhone, Gerard and Ewin, Robert (2019) How innovation contributes to a prison culture of rehabilitation: the student experience. In: Learning & Teaching Fest 2019, 3 July 2019, University of Cumbria, Carlisle, UK
Ewin, Robert (2021) The relationship between vulnerability and the criminal justice system. Doctoral thesis, Lancaster University.
Khan, N. (2020) How battered women in a Pakistani rural village of Sohan experience domestic violence in their marriages. Doctoral thesis, University of Cumbria.
McElhone, Gerard (2017) Child to parent violence: an analysis of the perceptions of perpetrator and victim gender when considering offending and victimisation. Journal of Applied Psychology and Social Science, 3 (1). pp. 52-73.
Taylor, J. C., Bates, E. A., Colosi, A.**, & Creer, A. J**. (2021). Barriers to Men’s Help Seeking for Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 08862605211035870.
Please contact Dr Liz Bates firstname.lastname@example.org for further information.
Systematic Review Group
The systematic review group welcomes any academic member of staff with an interest in undertaking a systematic review. A systematic review is an ideal way to inform evidence-based practice and decision making, they are also useful to help underpin any research grant application. They can result in publications which are eligible for the Research Excellence Framework (REF). The aim of the group is to primarily provide methodological support and advice, we also have links with other universities in the North West. We are not limited to Cochrane reviews, although we do advocate their approach to undertaking systematic reviews.
- Armstrong, R. and Relph, N., 2018. Screening tools as a predictor of injury in dance: systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Sports medicine-open, 4(1), pp.1-28. (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40798-018-0146-z)
- Relph, N, Greaves, H, Armstrong R, Gichuru, P, Prior T, Griffiths I, Spencer, S, Dey, P, Langley, B (2019). Running shoes for preventing lower limb running injuries in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (7). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD013368
- Donovan T, Milan SJ, Wang R, Banchoff E, Bradley P, Crossingham I. Anti‐IL‐5 therapies for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD013432. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD013432.pub2
- Donovan T, Felix LM, Chalmers JD, Milan SJ, Mathioudakis AG, Spencer S. Continuous versus intermittent antibiotics for bronchiectasis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD012733. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012733.pub2
The Practitioner Action Research and Creative Methods Hub (PARCM)
The Practitioner Action Research and Creative Methods Hub sits within the Centre for Research in Health and Society and the LED Research Centre. The hub aims to develop a community of critical and emancipatory research practice that contributes to social justice across professions and disciplines. Currently, PARCM has four areas of work each with a range of associated activities summarised in the table below.
Area of Work
Free action and/or creative research seminars, community events, book clubs and small group or paired conversations for learning.
Contributing and/or supporting action and/or research projects produced by colleagues and external partners. Sharing research by associates of our hub, sharing open access action research, sharing online learning opportunities, sharing book recommendations.
Hosting a monthly Twitter chat #ActionResearchChat on the 4th Monday of every month at 7pm and sharing polls, surveys to get critical reflection and feedback from action research community.
Spotlighting activism and the work of change makers in relation to monthly themes such as knowledge democracy, feminist activism. Sharing calls to join projects, write to policy makers and sign petitions as appropriate.
Through our seminars we have engaged an international audience and as developed partnerships with external partners such as the West Yorkshire Sexual Violence Action Partnership and Bradford Rape Crisis. We welcome members from all disciplines who are interested in action research, participatory research, practitioner research and/or creative methods. You can engage with our areas of work by following the hub on Twitter (@ThePARCMHub) and our website: www.parcm.co.uk. If you would like to find out more about how to participate in our work please email our convener email@example.com. Additionally, in the next academic year we hope to establish an Organising Group of colleagues who wish to help champion and steer PARCM towards its aims and we welcome expressions of interest to the convener from interested individuals.
The Medical Image Perception Research Group
The aim of the group is to undertake research into observer performance when interpreting medical images, to gain an understanding into expert performance and how expertise develops in novices. Developments in artificial intelligence means we are now starting to look at the interaction between AI and the human.
Plumb, A.A., Phillips, P., Spence, G., Mallett, S., Taylor, S.A., Halligan, S. and Fanshawe, T., 2017. Increasing navigation speed at endoluminal CT colonography reduces colonic visualization and polyp identification. Radiology, 284(2), pp.413-422.
Venjakob, A.C., Marnitz, T., Phillips, P. and Mello-Thoms, C.R., 2016. Image size influences visual search and perception of hemorrhages when reading cranial CT: an eye-tracking study. Human factors, 58(3), pp.441-451.
Litchfield, D. and Donovan, T., 2016. Worth a quick look? Initial scene previews can guide eye movements as a function of domain-specific expertise but can also have unforeseen costs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(7), p.982.
Litchfield, D. and Donovan, T., 2017. The flash-preview moving window paradigm: unpacking visual expertise one glimpse at a time. Frontline Learning Research, 5(3), pp.80-94.
Narrative Research Group
The narrative research group encourages staff to explore different approaches to story and narratives as approaches to conduct research. For more information please contact Tracy Hayes on firstname.lastname@example.org.
Statistical Methods Forum
The research forum was set-up to obtain the views of staff regarding support they would like to develop skills and knowledge in quantitative research methods. At our first forum, we met with staff representatives from a variety of Institutes (Arts, Health, Environment and Education) who expressed an interest in broadening the original remit to be inclusive of links to qualitative approaches, thus enabling a comprehensive and integrated exchange of information related to research skills, as opposed to quantitative methods alone. Our primary aim is therefore to continue developing a community of practice with interested colleagues, organise a further forum event prior to December and use this consultation data to inform more formal activities during the next academic year. For more information, please contact Lesley.email@example.com or Alex.firstname.lastname@example.org.